Infection urinaire : causes, symptômes et traitements

Urinary tract infection: causes, symptoms and treatments

Urinary tract infection: causes, symptoms and treatments

If there is one thing that we would like to avoid for sure, it is definitely a urinary infection , also called “cystitis”. It is characterized by pain and burning when you urinate and can lead to bleeding .

Urinary infection: what is it?

To put it simply, in the majority of cases, urinary infection in women is an inflammation of one or more parts of the urinary system (kidneys, bladder, urethra, ureters).

The first signs of a urinary infection or cystitis can be:

  • Burning sensations when you urinate, but this can also manifest as bleeding
  • Stomach pain
  • Fever

There are several types of urinary infections in women.

1/ The first is infectious cystitis , which is most common in women. This is an inflammation of the bladder , which is caused by the proliferation of intestinal bacteria such as Escherichia coli , which are numerous around the anus, as specified on the Passportsanté website. This is why it is essential to have excellent intimate hygiene .

2/ The second is infectious urethritis . It appears in most cases after sexual intercourse . Different infectious agents can cause urethritis, depending on the specialist site. The most common are chlamydia and gonococcus.

The solution ? Protect yourself during sexual intercourse, practice good intimate hygiene in men and women and if in doubt consult a doctor.

3/ The third and surely the most serious is pyelonephritis . This is an infection in the renal pelvis - the area in the kidneys that collects urine - and in the kidneys. How is it caused? In most cases, it is a complication of untreated cystitis . Bacteria from the bladder travel up to the kidneys and cause the infection.

Men can also suffer from urinary tract infections . In men, it manifests itself as prostatitis , in short: an infection of the prostate. Prostatitis can cause fever, burning, frequent urge to urinate, or difficulty urinating. It is therefore important to consult a doctor.

How to treat a urinary infection quickly?

At the slightest sign of the appearance of cystitis , it is essential to consult a doctor and closely monitor the progress of the infection . A specialist will prescribe antibiotics over several days.

It is also advisable to drink plenty of water . This will allow you to go to the toilet quickly and thus eliminate bacteria as quickly as possible . If the pain persists, consult your doctor again.

Which are the errors to avoid ?

To avoid a urinary infection as much as possible, there are certain mistakes to avoid:

  • Do not urinate after sexual intercourse: the sooner you go to the toilet the less bacteria will be able to remain
  • Not having good personal hygiene
  • Not drinking enough water
  • Holding back to urinate
  • Wearing damp or tight underwear: this can facilitate the appearance of bacteria in the urinary system
  • Urinary infection can also appear during your period, which is why it is essential to regularly change your protection and use the right products.

We therefore recommend that you wear reusable sanitary napkins or even bamboo fiber menstrual panties which will provide you with comfort, support and protection. The site offers a wide selection of menstrual panties.

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